The incident took place at the House of Mercy care home in the Russian village of Ishbultino.
One member of staff helped three residents evacuate the building, but tragically, eleven died in the blaze due to movement-related problems.
The fire brigade was alerted to the House of Mercy home at 3 a.m. (2200 GMT Monday).
The retirement home is located in the Ural Mountains of western central Russia.
The fire in a one-story wooden building took three hours to exit.
An employee at the home was able to vacate the building with three-year-old residents.
Russia’s Commission of Inquiry has announced that it has launched an investigation into the incident.
A spokesman for Russia’s Ministry of Emergency Situations confirmed the details of the emergency.
They said: “Four people (evacuated the site) on their own before firefighters arrived.”
The cause of the fire is currently unknown.
A train fire broke out at London Victoria Station in the UK on Monday.
A Network Rail spokesman said there was a small fire outside the train coming to Platform 9.
Video footage from the scene showed the exit from the passenger station.
In the video, a Danai message is heard again and again loudly: “All passengers must leave the station immediately”.
The Southern Railway confirmed that the main train station was temporarily closed, causing major disruption until 5 p.m.
The company said in a statement on its website: “Emergency services are dealing with an incident in London Victoria that has resulted in all taxes being withheld.
“As a result, trains may be canceled or delayed. Major disruption is expected until 17:00.
“London Victoria Station is currently closed. Please do not attempt until further notice from this station.
“Out Southern train services will be severely affected this evening. Then it is better to do so if you can delay your trip. “
The update after the Southern Rail was shared on Twitter
The statement read: “A small fire broke out at one of our sites in Victoria, London.
“The station has reopened and we are working on a plan to move trains again. Thank you for your patience at this time.”