The text calls for stopping the use of fossil fuels after 2050

The 21-page document was sent by Chairman Sultan Al Jaber at around 7 a.m. local time. Countries are “called” to move this decade “away from fossil fuels in energy systems to net zero in 2050”. After eight o’clock white smoke appeared: the deal was approved.

The agreement is a long text in which all countries of the world evaluate their progress towards achieving the Paris climate goals. This is not the case now. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s climate panel determined that the Earth’s temperature has risen by 1.1 degrees compared to pre-industrial times. So the Paris climate agreement’s goal of keeping temperature rises “well below 2 degrees Celsius” and focusing all measures on 1.5 degrees is nowhere in sight.

a company2– Free economy

The countries concluded that more efforts were needed. Measures to reduce emissions are the most striking components in this regard. But another important part is the money developing countries should receive to adapt to climate change and carbon dioxide2– Free economy.

In recent days, all statements from developing countries have stated that the billions previously promised to developing countries have not been provided and that the total amount is insufficient. The latest text stipulates that the amount developing countries will receive will be “significantly increased” compared to the $200 billion already pledged annually from 2025.

Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber, Chairman of the Dubai Climate Summit.Image by Getty Images

Danish Climate and Energy Minister Dan Jørgensen talks of a breakthrough. “It is historic that we are in an oil country and want to commit to moving away from fossil fuels,” Jorgensen said. The Dane played a crucial role as mediator in the negotiations on the final text. Sultan Al Jaber, head of the climate summit, himself speaks of a “historic” package of measures.

Environmental organizations also expressed their opinion. They believe that the text represents a significant improvement compared to the version published by Al-Jaber last Monday. According to them, the most important advantage is that the paragraph on fossil fuels is much less optional. “The previous measure was a menu of measures that parties could choose from,” Jean Su of the Center for Biological Diversity in Washington said at a joint press conference of a number of non-governmental organizations.

In addition to the paragraph on fossil fuels, there are seven other measures on the list: tripling available sustainable electricity generation by 2030, accelerating the reduction of emissions from coal-fired power plants, and accelerating technologies that produce little or no carbon dioxide. .2 It is released (in addition to renewable energy, nuclear energy and carbon dioxide capture and storage2 so-called), which significantly reduces greenhouse gases other than carbon dioxide2Reducing road transport emissions and phasing out fossil fuel subsidies (unless necessary to protect vulnerable households).

A combination of measures

Environmental organizations have concluded that it is all a mixture of good and less good measures. They gave it a B in their first answer, which compares to 7/10. According to them, the most important advantage is that for the first time in history there is a text in the climate agreement about moving away from fossil fuels. Although they were hoping for a better result given the fact that around 130 countries spoke in Dubai in favor of phasing out fossil fuels entirely, something which the oil-producing countries in the Middle East strongly oppose.

NGOs find it disappointing that this decision is limited to “energy systems”, which, for example, still leave room for the continued production of plastics and fertilizers from gas and oil. Capture CO2 They call it a false solution. There is concern about the use of the phrase “transition fuel,” which may refer to relatively clean natural gas. This will mean a victory for gas-producing countries such as the United States.

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Denton Watson

"Friend of animals everywhere. Evil twitter fan. Pop culture evangelist. Introvert."

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