Zarya ISS Unit | When was the International Space Station launched? Zaria Unit | International Space Station Zarya

Hello space lovers! Get ready to drink some cosmic champagne as we celebrate the 25th anniversary of the launch of the Zarya ISS module. That’s right, he’s spent a quarter of a century orbiting the Earth!


Zarya Unity: Dawn of a New Space Age

Let’s take a quick trip down memory lane. Picture this: It’s the late 1990s, and countries are working together on an unprecedented project – the International Space Station.

What is the first piece of this interstellar puzzle? You guessed it – Zarya! The United States and Russia contributed and began working on unification. “Zarya”, which means “dawn” in Russian, has become a symbol of the new era of international cooperation in the field of space exploration. And boy, does it live up to its name!

“Zarya” became the first module on the International Space Station. Fun fact: This would have been Lockheed Martin’s Bus 1, but it cost twice as much as Zarya ($450 million vs. $220 million), so NASA rejected it.

Can we build it? Yes we can!

Building Zarya was no walk in the park. Design team in Khrunichev Space Center In Russia received a project from Boeing. These guys took the best of Soviet/Russian engineering and added a little American touch to it to make it exactly what Boeing wanted. The construction process lasted from December 1994 to January 1998. It wasn’t all roses and moonshine, there were some technical disagreements, but they managed to solve the problem and get everything done on time.

Launching a Proton rocket with the Zarya module on board.

on November 20, 1998 “Zarya” was successfully launched into space from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Less than two weeks later, the Endeavour spacecraft docked and attached the US-built Unity docking module.

Zaria unit then and now

Zarya is not your ordinary looking heaven. We’re talking about an impressive structure measuring 12 meters long and weighing 20 tons, designed to play a crucial role in the operation of the International Space Station. Before 2000, Zarya operated the entire space station, moving it to the right places, and keeping it at the right temperature. But then, when the Zvezda unit arrived on July 26, 2000, most of those functions were transferred to the new piece. As the station grew, other units took over the rest of the work. But Zaria still has a function as a place to store fuel and supplies.

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International Space Station
This is what the International Space Station looks like now. Can you believe it all started with one unit now located at the heart of the station?

As you know, the International Space Station is the largest structure humans have ever sent into space: at great cost 10 years and more than 30 space missions To install it. It is also the first orbiting laboratory: to date, the International Space Station More than 3000 studies Hosted. The International Space Station has united engineers, scientists and astronauts from around the world. All of this was made possible thanks to Zarya, the first and foundational element of the International Space Station. Now that you know where it all started, try taking our quiz about the International Space Station!

International Space Station

Only 7% of people can answer all the questions in this test correctly. Do you think you can become one of them?

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Zarya ISS module anniversary: ​​why is it important?

Zarya is the first module of the International Space Station, launched on 20 November 1998. For 25 years it has been a shining example of international cooperation – a true testament to what we can achieve when we work together.

Winton Frazier

 "Amateur web lover. Incurable travel nerd. Beer evangelist. Thinker. Internet expert. Explorer. Gamer."

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