Repercussions and scenarios after the possible resignation of Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez in Spain

Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez's unexpected announcement that he will take a break to think about his future as head of government has sparked a lot of speculation and uncertainty in the Spanish political scene. This raises important questions about the possible consequences and scenarios that may arise if Sanchez actually steps down from his position as Prime Minister on April 29, 2024.

Upon the resignation of the Prime Minister of Spain, as stipulated in Article 101 of the Spanish Constitution, the entire government will automatically enter “provisional” status. This means that the government will continue to carry out its duties, but with limited powers. The main restriction is that the interim government is unable to call new elections, as the 1997 Government Act prohibits this.

In this scenario, the King of Spain will begin new rounds of consultations with all political parties to nominate a new candidate for prime minister. This candidate must have sufficient support in the House of Representatives. There is no set maximum limit for this process.

The House of Representatives, with its current composition, will eventually hold an inauguration session to appoint the new Prime Minister, without the need for new elections. The candidate is not required to be a member of Congress.

If the candidate receives the required support, he will be appointed Prime Minister and assume all the duties and powers associated with him, including proposing the new government formation to the King.

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