Science and Research | Nobel laureates discover a new type of brain cell

The team of Nobel laureates, Edward and May-Britt Moser, has found a new type of brain cell that allows us to calculate distance and direction.

– This is a party search! The new findings are completely consistent with those of retinal cells, so this is huge, says May-Britt Moser NRK.

The two were awarded the Nobel Prize for their discoveries of, among other things, retinal cells. They make a kind of map in our brains, from which we move and orient ourselves.

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They have now discovered another important part of what we call our sense of place, the cells that measure the distance and orientation of all objects in our environment.

Brain cells are called face-oriented cells and they explain how we relate to the things we have around us.

The human brain is made up of about 100 billion neurons. Each of these cells receives signals from about ten thousand other neurons.

Almost whatever we do, we have to pay attention to the environment. Øyvind Arne Høydal says: You have to understand where you are in relation to things so you can run in the woods, walk in the street or move around a room.

He is a researcher at NTNU’s Kavli Institute and lead author of the research report published in the journal Nature.

(© NTB)

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