Have you recently had an itchy scalp, flakes in your hair, seen a rash or felt all kinds of bumps? Or do you even suffer from hair loss? It could be one of the six common conditions of the scalp. We explain how you can recognize this and what you can do best about it.
Is your hair dull, dry, frizzy or greasy? It could also be due to the health of your scalp.
Six common scalp conditions
When you think of scalp conditions, you might think of dandruff, but there are many ailments you can suffer from. Not only can you notice it on your scalp, but it can also make your hair look less healthy. That’s why we’ve listed six common scalp conditions and the best treatments:
1. Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD)
Do you suffer from itchy scalp? Then this may indicate allergic contact dermatitis. This is a response to direct contact with the allergen. For example, this can be caused by the chemicals in shampoo and conditioner or by the chemical paraphenylenediamine in hair dye. employment good measure Dermatologist Onyeka Obioha explains that it is important to identify the cause of this condition so that you can avoid it in the future. In addition, a topical steroid gel or ointment can reduce skin inflammation. Please contact your doctor for this.
Do you have a rash on your scalp with pink plaques? Then it could also be psoriasis. The buildup of skin cells can produce scaly patches that can itch and hurt. The spots may also bleed and form crusts. Psoriasis can affect any part of the body, but the scalp is particularly difficult to treat. It is an autoimmune disease that cannot be cured. However, you can relieve complaints using special creams, light therapy, injections and tablets. Please contact your GP or dermatologist for this. You can also help your scalp by not blow drying your hair, using products that are gentle on your hair, and not shampooing every day.
3. Seborrhoeic eczema
Do you suffer from greasy flaky scalp? Then you can deal with seborrheic eczema, which is also considered dandruff. This is one of the most common scalp conditions and can get worse with stress or seasonal change. Seborrheic dermatitis can also occur around your eyebrows, eyes, ears, and the rest of your face. The cause may be a yeast (mold) called Malassezia. An anti-yeast shampoo can reduce symptoms.
Read also: Itchy, red spots on your skin? These four skin conditions are often confused with a fungal infection
4. Inflammation of hair follicles
Do you have bumps (pus) on your scalp that look like acne? So you may have folliculitis. This is an inflammation of your hair follicles and can be caused by bacteria, excessive sweating, hair dye, heavy conditioner, or irritation from shaving. Does it look like bacteria? Then the doctor can prescribe antibiotics. In other cases, anti-inflammatory medications can work against the rash.
5. Hair bags
Do you have larger bumps on your head? Then cysts can also be. Scalp cysts are common and are usually the size of marbles or grapes. Always consult a dermatologist. Cysts often have a genetic cause. It is best to leave the bags alone. Are you worried, have the bump(s) or aren’t sure if it’s a cyst? Then always call the doctor. In some cases, they can be surgically removed.
Finally, ringworm can be the cause of scalp complaints. In this case, you often have a scaly rash with bald spots. This can be painful and cause your hair to split. Ringworm is a fungal infection that can be transmitted from humans or humans, as well as from animals to humans. Ringworm can be treated with antifungal medications. This means that you are no longer contagious after 48 hours.
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