The world-famous Arabica coffee variety is over 600,000 years old (and has therefore been around much longer than modern humans)

To decipher the reference genome, scientists used the most advanced data science and DNA sequencing technology, which can map genomes. They applied it to the genomes of 39 human-cultivated Arabica varieties. Also the genome copy of Arabic coffee Which was used by the Swedish scientist Carl Linnaeus in the 18th century to give the species its name.

This allowed scientists to create “the highest quality reference genome to date.” “We used information from the genomes of plants living today to go back in time and paint the most accurate picture possible of Arabica's long history,” said Victor Albert, one of the study's co-authors.

Natural population Arabic coffee It has waxed and waned over thousands of years during various periods of global warming and cooling. Eventually, modern people in Ethiopia and Yemen began cultivating the coffee bean plant around the 15th century. Later, Arabica spread throughout the world and different varieties were cultivated by humans.

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Megan Vasquez

"Creator. Coffee buff. Internet lover. Organizer. Pop culture geek. Tv fan. Proud foodaholic."

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